UreaKnowHow.com organises various Training Programs on a regular basis: Complete Urea Training Programs for engineers, managers, shift supervisors and operators working in any kind of urea plant. These Training Programs can be open for all companies at a central location, organised in-house at a plant site or half-open hosted by one plant while others are invited also to join. Jointly you will learn a lot more plus you will get many opportunities to discuss your problems with the other participants and industry experts.

5-Day Urea Training Program
Introduction Urea Process Technologies, Corrosion theory & Overview of various corrosion phenomena in urea plants, Fluid Bed Granulation, Thermodynamics and Phase diagrams, Operational aspects and Troubleshooting techniques, Safety, Health & Environmental aspects, Atmospheric corrosion; Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI), Corrosion in steam and cooling water systems, Historical Overview of Materials of Construction in urea plants, High Pressure Synthesis equipment, High Pressure Piping & Valves, Corrosion Inspection Techniques and Inspection Program, CO2 Compressors design and operational issues, Revamp and debottlenecking technologies, Discussion of numerous Troubleshoot and Corrosion / Reliability Cases, Latest Innovations.

5-Day Training Program Maintenance in Urea Plants
Introduction Urea Process Technologies, Corrosion theory & Overview of various corrosion phenomena in urea plants, Relation urea process conditions and choice of materials, Formation of urea (reactors, autoclaves), Formation of carbamate (condensers, scrubbers), Dissociation of carbamate (strippers, decomposers) , Atmospheric corrosion; Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI), Corrosion in steam and cooling water systems, Historical Overview of Materials of Construction in urea plants, High Pressure Synthesis equipment, High Pressure Piping & Valves, Corrosion Inspection Techniques and Inspection Program, Manufacturing of HP equipment, Discussion of numerous Troubleshoot and Corrosion / Reliability Cases, High Pressure Reciprocating pumps, Doing repairs.

3-Day UreaKnowHow Master Class - Become a real Urea Master!
Follow-op of our 5-Day Urea Training Program, Apply the earlier lessons learned in real life cases, Take your urea knowledge to a deeper level, Active participation in workshops and Get 5 takeaways from each workshop to use in your plant.
Workshop 1: A leak in our high pressure urea equipment!
Workshop 2: Creep to Higher Profits!
Workshop 3: Reliable HP piping & valves
Workshop 4: How to avoid an explosion?

2-Day Fertilizer Training Program
The Urea-Know-How.com Fertilizer Training Program is a 2-Day Training Program designed for Engineers and Managers, Marketing and Business Development Managers and Safety, Health and Environmental Managers. You will learn about the various types of fertilizers, the various fertilizer production technologies and fertilizer finishing technologies with its pros and cons, the role of fertilizers, the market trends and players in the fertilizer business and the hazards of the various fertilizers and fertilizer production technologies.

Other examples of Training Programs:

2-Day Training Program Urea and Nitric Acid

10-Day Complete Detailed Training Program for Urea Engineers, Managers and Supervisors

2-Day Special Training Program: Corrosion for Production Staff department and Shift Supervisors

Tailor Made Training Programs: Training Modules

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Some Examples of Our Training Programs and Workshops

Our Expertise

2-Day Fertilizer Training Program

2-Day Fertilizer Training Program

The Urea-Know-How.com Fertilizer Training Program is a 2-Day Training Program designed for Engineers and Managers, Marketing and Business Development Managers and Safety, Health and Environmental Managers. You will learn about the various types of fertilizers, the various fertilizer production technologies and fertilizer finishing technologies with its pros and cons, the role of fertilizers, the market trends and players in the fertilizer business and the hazards of the various fertilizers and fertilizer production technologies. The UreaKnowHow.com Fertilizer Training modules will also be part of the Fertilizer Academy.  
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The State-Of-The-Art Ammonia Terminal

The State-Of-The-Art Ammonia Terminal

Since 100 years ago the industrial production of ammonia began for the widespread agricultural and industrial application. Safety hazards and risks have been identified and for a large extend resolved.
Nowadays ammonia is used more and more as a very efficient hydrogen energy storage, carrier and carbon free fuel. This means that more and more people will get involved with this potentially toxic substance. How will the public and the authorities react?
Are the previously known safety regulations sufficient for the storage / bunkering of ammonia?
We say no, it can be better, more safe and reliable.
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FERTILIZER INDUSTRIAL SERVICES Owner's Engineer

FERTILIZER INDUSTRIAL SERVICES Owner's Engineer

As experienced professionals in fertilizer industry, we discovered a necessity to fill the gaps in technology knowhow required in various fertilizer industry projects. This is Fertilizer Industrial Services' foundational business strategy.
We are specialized in fertilizer production technologies covering process, mechanical, instrumentation, process safety and project management disciplines. Our services include design review, plant commissioning and startup, operation support, ammonia tank de-commissioning for inspection, plant revamp support and project management consultancy.
We have the unique ability to seamlessly link design, completions, commissioning and operations. That seamless link is provided by our people, an unrivalled group of independent experts. This team supported customers in the industry for new and existing fertilizer plants for more than 15 years.
We work with fertilizer manufacturers, operators, technology licensors, EPC companies and PMC consultants covering short term or long-term projects.
More info below:
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The State-of-the-Art Urea Reactor

The State-of-the-Art Urea Reactor

“Highest Safety and Reliability Standards, Minimum Maintenance and Repair Efforts”

The heart of every urea plant is the urea reactor. The high pressures, high temperatures and the presence of very corrosive ammonium carbamate puts high demands on its reliability and safety during its typical lifetime of 40-50 years. UreaKnowHow.com has established a Urea Incident Database containing numerous serious incidents with urea reactors and a Urea Reactor Risk Register containing fifty risks and failure modes of a traditional design urea reactor. Based on the above information plus by applying our extensive experience and knowledge, we can offer you the complete detailed design specification of a State-of-The-Art Urea Reactor with optimum design details of the carbon steel pressure bearing wall, the protective layers and all the internals. This will realise the highest reliability and safety standards and minimize maintenance and repair efforts.
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High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) in Ammonia Plants

High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) in Ammonia Plants

High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) is a problem which concerns steels operating at elevated temperatures in hydrogen environments. It is not to be confused with hydrogen embrittlement or other forms of low temperature hydrogen damage. HTHA is a time-temperature-pressure function. These, basically means the longer that a piece of equipment is exposed to temperatures above its resistance limit in certain hydro-process environment (see API941-NELSON Curve), the more damage to the steel will accumulate; and the higher the temperature rises above the limit of the steel, the more rapidly the damage will occur. Monitoring the integrity of equipment in HTHA-Service is necessary to avoid accidents, especially if one of the following reasons are true: 1- HTHA in many old plants -is true for many ammonia plants- can occur especially after a long onstream-time, if the incubation time ended. 2- However, there have been several cases where HTHA was found, even though operating conditions were below the Nelson Curve. 3- There are new findings since 2016: After explosion in the TESORO refinery with 7 dead, it must be assumed that HTHA in C steel can already be expected at > 204 °C and a hydrogen partial pressure of pH2 > 3.45 bar. It is strongly recommended to monitor the integrity of HTHA vulnerable equipment! Due to the age of many ammonia plants, a lot of equipment may need to be replaced. For avoiding HTHA of new equipment, use the recommendations for fabrication of new equipment in the hydrogen service according API 941 and API 934A! Click here for more information
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AMMO LASER Leak Detection System

AMMO LASER Leak Detection System

AMMO LASER Leak Detection System: The #1 Safety Measure with a Guaranteed Pay Back Time

Several Safety Risks threaten Urea High Pressure Equipment like high pressures, high temperatures, various kind of corrosion phenomena, crystallization risks, large volumes and release of toxic ammonia in case of a leak.
A significant number of serious incidents with Urea High Pressure Equipment still do occur in our industry and in 50% a failing leak detection system was one of the main causes.
The Risk Register for a 316L Urea Grade Reactor identifies totally 50+ safety risks of which 75% can be prevented by operating a proper leak detection system.
The AMMO LASER Leak Detection System is the most reliable HP Equipment Leak Detection System for loose liners available in the market as it is a result of detailed safety risk studies and analysis of industry incidents.
A passive leak detection system is in our view not acceptable anymore today; this is best illustrated with Incident 18-005.
The AMMO LASER Leak Detection System has following features:
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Safety and HSE Training Programs for all ammonia and urea plants

Safety and HSE Training Programs for all ammonia and urea plants

Serious incidents continue to take place in the nitrogen fertilizer industry. AmmoniaKnowHow.com and UreaKnowHow.com provide dedicated Safety and HSE Training Programs discussing the specific safety and HSE aspects in ammonia and urea plants. Numerous safety incidents, which occurred in the past in ammonia and urea plants, form the basis of these training programs. The Lessons Learned will be discussed targeting a higher safety standard in our industry. For more information click here for Safety and HSE Training Programs in Urea Plants and for Safety Training Programs in Ammonia Plants.
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THE KAPP CO2 CHILLER

THE KAPP CO2 CHILLER

KAPP Heat Transfer Engineers, specialists in the design of heat exchangers, together with UreaKnowHow.com developed THE KAPP CO2 CHILLER, which cools the feed CO2 temperature without using cold energy sources from the existing ammonia and urea plant and with a minimum pressure drop, about half of the competitive solutions. A lower delta-P will provide a higher suction pressure at the inlet of the CO2 compressor and this a higher load and/or lower energy consumption of the turbine leading to even lower pay back times.
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Need support for your new Grass Root Urea Plant or Revamp Project ?

Need support for your new Grass Root Urea Plant or Revamp Project ?

UreaKnowHow.com has the know how and experience to support you with your new Grass Root Urea Plant or Urea Revamp Project. UreaKnowHow.com can support you in a wide range of services and activities during the complete project lifetime.
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Benchmark Study Synthesis Pressure Safety Valves

Benchmark Study Synthesis Pressure Safety Valves

Synthesis Pressure Safety Valves tend to pop up unexpectedly leading to safety risks and a forced shut down of the plant. UreaKnowHow.com has initiated a Benchmark Study about the experiences with these critical equipment items. Five urea plants covering all major process technologies have participated and answered a set of fifteen questions related to the design, operation and maintenance of these valves. Contact information of the participants plus an industry expert is included for further exchange of information. To summarise: A perfect opportunity to solve finally all your problems related to the Synthesis Pressure safety Valves.
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Our Training Programs

Our Training Programs

UreaKnowHow.com organises various Training Programs on a regular basis: Complete Urea Training Programs for engineers, managers, shift supervisors and operators working in any kind of urea plant. These Training Programs can be open for all companies at a central location, organised in-house at a plant site or half-open hosted by one plant while others are invited also to join. Jointly you will learn a lot more plus you will get many opportunities to discuss your problems with the other participants and industry experts.
Read more